Github, in partnership with OpenAI, recently launched a new product known as Copilot. This AI programming tool is an essential part of the platform’s Visual Studio Code editor. Although its most apparent feature is the autocompletion of code snippets, it does more.

Codex, a new AI system by OpenAI, powers the tool. It analyzes your already written code to generate new functions that it previously called. Examples include automatically creating code to grab online ratings and import tweets. The Copilot project is a direct result of Microsoft’s investment in OpenAI.

How does Copilot Works?

The new AI programming tool works best with Ruby, Python, JavaScript, Go, and TypeScript. GitHub sees it as a progression of pair programming, in which two coders collaborate on a single project.

This concept allows them to speed up the coding process by catching one another’s mistakes. Copilot acts as a virtual replacement for the second coder. It also saves a lot of time by incorporating resources that you might otherwise look up elsewhere.

As you type your code, Copilot periodically suggests snippets that you can integrate at the click of a button. This functionality improves efficiency because you no longer have to search for sample code in StackOverflow and similar sites.

GitHub’s status as the world’s eminent source code host gives Copilot a crucial head start in the industry. The nature of AI is to get smarter by continuously analyzing data. As users provide feedback on its suggestions, the tool’s machine learning model will provide more accurate coding solutions.

How Are Developers Coping With The Announcement?

Copilot is receiving largely positive reviews, with some mixed reactions in the coding community. While it promises to revolutionize the industry, some developers are expressing legitimate concerns about the tool. They include:

1. Potential copyright violations

Copilot utilizes big chunks of existing coding resources. GitHub used all public code on the platform to train its AI tool, regardless of license type. In addition to violating copyright related to hosted resources, there’s the likelihood of transforming open-source code into commercial applications without proper attribution. 

GitHub claims this scenario only occurs in around 0.1% of cases, especially when coders fail to give Copilot enough context. Updated versions of the AI tool will deal conclusively with this issue.

2. Algorithmic bias

Although Copilot is an AI tool, it still suffers from the problems associated with the code used in its creation. They include privacy violations and abusive language. Others are racial, sexual, ethnic, religious, and gender discrimination.

These unintended consequences depend on the data collection and training methods. Algorithms are generally assumed to be neutral but can unknowingly reinforce these biases.

Despite its best efforts, OpenAI is yet to prevent its algorithm from inheriting these undesirable elements. However, Copilot generates largely original code even with these teething problems.

There have also been concerns that AI tools could make human trainers obsolete. While it’s a reasonable worry, there’s no likelihood of such an eventuality. Instead, Copilot seeks to complement the expertise you’ll gain from skilled and experienced coding teachers.

OpenAI’s Role in Copilot’s Development

Although Microsoft’s acquisition of GitHub raised some concerns, it allowed the platform to focus on providing efficient coding solutions. Copilot is a direct result of the software giant’s $1 billion investment in the previously nonprofit OpenAI.

The Codex algorithm derives from OpenAI’s GPT-3 text-generation software, whose output is identical to human writing. That’s because it taps from up to 175 billion parameters to make connections between letters, words, and other language building blocks.

While OpenAI Codex generates code, GPT-3 handles the English aspect. There are plans to release an API with a version of Codex to help developers build apps.

How will Copilot Impact Software Development?

Although GitHub’s Copilot isn’t the only AI-powered programming tool, it’s the most comprehensive. It will play a central role in developing emerging technologies such as IoT, VR/AR, and natural language processing.

Other than automating manual tasks in software development, Copilot will enable apps to auto-scale and make other pertinent decisions. Other uses include gathering requirements for software models, software testing, and deployment control. The overall benefits of Copilot to software development are:

  • Top-notch data security. AI utilizes machine learning to differentiate between desirable actions and irregularities.
  • Bug identification and rectification. Since AI learns from previous mistakes, future coding is more likely to be bug and error-free.
  • Strategic decision-making. Copilot can make comparisons between past projects and current ones to predict future needs.
  • Better predictive analytics. AI programming can provide more accurate estimates of cost, effort, and time to improve project efficiency.


GitHub’s Copilot heralds an exciting evolution in the field of software development. The platform’s massive code repository and integration with OpenAI promise to deliver game-changing solutions. Whether you’re a coding enthusiast, learner, or professional, it will improve your skills to better adapt to emerging technologies.

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