When talking about full-stack development, it is essential to refer to the stacks that constitute a good part of the job. A full-stack developer can single-handedly manage projects. Furthermore, the demand for web developers is increasing in the market. As a web developer, you must be aware of stacks and frameworks. MEAN and MERN stacks are JavaScript frameworks that work for the benefit of the system, while LAMP follows a Linux interface

Understanding MEAN Stack and MERN Stack

MEAN stack compiles MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS and NodeJs to create a unified stack for easier development of mobile and web applications. It consists of multiple reusable models and libraries that offer a product that works effortlessly. One of the advantages of having MEAN stack at work is that it saves time and money.

How does MEAN stack work? Well, it simply builds web applications in JavaScript apart from handling JSON. AngularJS stands at the top of any MEAN stack, which allows it to extend HTML tags with the help of metadata to generate dynamic web experiences. 

Moving over to ExpressJS, it runs on a NodeJS server that initiates robust URL routing and handles HTTP responses and requests. For storing data on the database, MongoDB comes in handy. Ideally, JSON documents are created in AngularJS and passed to the ExpressJS server, where the data is processed and restored at a later interval.

Now that we have understood the MEAN stack let us move forward to how the MERN stack works and what it offers in web development. 

MERN stack stands for MongoDB, ExpressJS, ReactJS and NodeJS. These tools comprise a unified front that the system uses to simplify web and mobile applications. Using Java as its primary component, the MERN stack carries its workings. The main features of MERN are discussed below.

  • MongoDB: MongoDB is a document-oriented data store that is No-SQL and used to store backend applications.
  • ExpressJS: It is built on the concept of a layered framework atop NodeJS. It ensures the website’s structure and backend functionality.
  • ReactJS: ReactJS facilitates user interface components in terms of single-page web applications. It helps create dynamic client-side applications and build complex interfaces using simple features. Together, it connects the data to the backend server.
  • NodeJS: NodeJs imitates the server’s end responsible for running JavaScript on the system.

MERN stack is an open-source library that offers low productivity altogether. However, it can be easily implemented and does not require a learning curve. Unlike MEAN stack, it relies on a unidirectional flow and supports mobile applications.

LAMP Stack

LAMP is a Linux-based stack that delivers strong performance in hosting and developing large web applications. The LAMP stack is rampant with libraries and tools you can utilise for extended support as a developer. In short, the LAMP stack is an all-rounder in web development.

LAMP in LAMP stack stands for Linux, which serves as the operating system, Apache for web server, MySQL for data persistence and PHP, the programming language. Some derivatives of the LAMP stack are as follows:

  • MAMP (Mac OS X as an operating system)
  • WAMP (Windows as an operating system)
  • LAMP (with Python or Perl in the case of PHP)
  • LAMP (with MongoDB in case of MySQL)

One of the benefits of using LAMP is that it is popular in the field of web development. Many businesses utilising the LAMP stack have also encouraged timely maintenance and updates. It has countless modules, add-ons and libraries that one can need. Since it is based on Linux, finding any topic of your choice in the open source community is easier. LAMP constituents, MySQL and PHP are highly reliable and are accepted by larger communities. In terms of integration, it assists the developer in making things work. In addition, you can control the server and choose your software to install, which makes you independent. If you usually expect numerous server-based tasks, then you should opt for the LAMP stack.

Is the LAMP Stack Outdated?

Recent market trends suggest that the MERN stack works more efficiently in comparison to the LAMP stack for the simple purpose that it is no longer the only place to go for web developers. In keeping with the trend, it is also to be noted that the MERN stack helps cater to a large market as it assists in both backend and frontend levels. On the other hand, if your project is relatively simple compared to a vast one, then you can opt for the LAMP stack.

As a developer, if you are stuck with the idea of MERN vs MEAN vs. LAMP, then you must consider going through these defining factors.

  • OS – LAMP uses Ubuntu as the operating system, while the MERN stack combines five different technologies, including NodeJS, ExpressJS, AngularJS, MongoDB and Node Package Number. Both stacks run on Linux OS. MERN uses the latest versions of the technology in its frameworks, whereas LAMP can run on PHP platforms without any issues. MERN is far better than LAMP since the former uses NodeJS, making it easier to run on JavaScript platforms without significant problems.
  • App Type – LAMP is best used for running dynamic data and handling traffic. It is used mainly for client-side applications. MERN, on the other hand, exercises heavy databases while producing dynamic data too.
  • Traffic Management – LAMP is best used for handling heavier traffic, while MERN focuses more on static data management and managing rich databases.
  • Client Vs Server – LAMP takes the lead in client-side web applications. MERN follows a faster update routine that decreases its lifetime. Apart from having lesser speed, it also holds fewer options for client-side development.
  • Learning Curve – MERN is significantly newer in comparison to LAMP. Many developers have had extensive training sessions regarding LAMP, which may not be the case with MERN.
  • Maintenance – So far, we know that MERN is one of the best choices for large-scale projects since it works with JavaScript.
  • Security – As is with large-scale projects, security may be a cause of concern. However, with MERN, your work is more secure.
  • Scalability – If your project requires multiple developers, then you may be willing to go for MERN since it assists with factors such as usability and functionality. LAMP stack works better with small-scale projects that require no learning curve.

If you are a novice in the field of web development and programming, then you should ask yourself these questions before proceeding with the suitable stack for your work.

  • Are you ready to follow a learning curve?
  • Is the current trend in favor of the latest technology?
  • Which technologies will cater to your best interests in the long run

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As a developer, you must take the prerequisites for determining your best asset. Whether you wish to work with LAMP or MERN stack depends on the size of your project and factors such as scalability, traffic, security and maintenance. MERN makes it easier because of its relation with JavaScript and the language’s popularity. Therefore, it is essential to access your project’s demands before settling for your choice’s stack. You can take the Live Fullstack Development Certification Program to enable a successful web developer and programming professional career.

Also Read:  10 Traits of a Successful Full Stack Developer