Software developers who freelance have always been in great demand. The online marketplace for freelancers has witnessed steady growth and there is no indication to suggest a slowdown. In fact, most of the experts think that the trend of online job postings is going to witness fast and steady growth over the next decade. This is high time for anyone who is looking forward to starting a career in software development. But achieving this is can be a daunting task. You need to master a programming language, and, in some cases, you need to be proficient at programming in more than one language to finish the job. It is extremely important to start with the right programming language. It is a common question that people ask – “Which programming language should I learn as a beginner”.

Fortunately, GadgetGang created a comprehensive list that can help you decide on what coding languages are best for beginners, read on below:

1. Python

For someone with little or no background in programming, Python is the best choice. Python is on the top of our list because of its simple and easy to understand syntax. Though created about 30 years ago, python is still holding strong and it is growing popular in the tech community. Just like other major programming languages, Python too provides well-integrated library and external library support is also available.

You can use python for almost any type of workflow. From web development to desktop-based apps, from data science projects to machine learning projects, knowing how to code in python will help in almost every type of project. Even if you decide to learn some other major programming language in the future, still learning python at the early stage will be helpful as it will introduce you to the major programming concepts in a simple, easy and efficient way.
Another reason why we recommended python for beginners is its learning curve. When compared to other major popular programming languages such as Java and C++, python has a smoother learning curve.

2. JavaScript


Please don’t confuse JavaScript with Java. We kept JavaScript in the second spot because it’s a higher-level language and thus as a beginner, you don’t need to deal with complex machine details. Another huge factor in its popularity amongst beginners is that you can start coding in JavaScript right from your browser. Note that it is not mandatory to set up any kind of development environment to code in JavaScript. For all intents and purposes, for a beginner, a browser is all that is required to start coding in JavaScript. It is primarily used for the front-end development of client-side applications. It is recommended that you find someone who is experienced in JavaScript and take their help in understanding the complex nature of JavaScript.

All major web browsers support JavaScript. But there is no guarantee that a code that works perfectly on chrome browser will behave in the same manner on Firefox. Such issues can leave you wondering without any clues. But with someone who is experienced in JavaScript, dealing with such complexity will be far easier.

3. Java

Java is undoubtedly the most popular programming language. It is in huge demand and the community of Java developers is constantly growing. The popularity of Java can be attributed to the fact that its code is not platform dependent. It essentially means that you can run the same code on a Windows machine, Linux and even on an Apple machine.

This is popularly known as Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA). Owing to its hugely portable nature, you can find java codes running in all kinds of setups, from large-scale data centers to the smartphone in your pocket. Java is used by almost all major web-based services such as Amazon, YouTube, and Google. Since it’s so popular all over the world, you can expect expert-level support on discussion forums.

This support system is important for you as a beginner and you will find it easy to tackle new challenges in an efficient way. As compared to the other languages we have mentioned, Java is a bit on the harder side. But the time you invest in learning java will help you earn more as its almost always in huge demand.

4. Swift


If you are interested in mobile application development, then Swift is the language to learn. Swift is used for developing iOS-based apps I.e. apps for I phones. You must be thinking about why we skipped android development here. It is true that there are more Android devices as compared to iPhone but the paradox here is that iOS developers make four times more money than android developers. Once you master developing apps in the swift framework, you will be able to develop apps for the entire Apple ecosystem including Mac book, apple watch, and Apple TV.

5. Ruby

Ruby is very popular among startups. Some popular start-up companies that use ruby on rails are Airbnb, Basecamp, and Shopify. It can be understood that start-up companies want their products to be available to their users as fast as possible. This is exactly where ruby on rails excels. When compared to other programming languages, it is about 40 percent faster to develop the same app or software in Ruby.

Another important feature of Ruby is the availability of externalities. Most of the time, you can easily find ready to use modules that will save a lot of time and effort. Ruby is a popular choice not just amongst beginners but also amongst experienced developers because of its speedy nature. You will find it helpful when you are developing an app on a tight budget and you are expected to make a speedy delivery. Ruby is a dynamic programming language and receives updates at least twice a year to keep it relevant in the ever-evolving tech market. With such constant attention and support from Ruby developers, you can stay assured that ruby is here to stay for a long time to come.